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What is a Programming Language?

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Programming Language

As we know, to speak with an individual, we’d like a selected language, similarly to speak with computers, programmers also need a language is named programing language.

Before learning the programing language, let’s understand what’s language?

What is Language?

The language might be a method of correspondence that is wont to share thoughts, assessments with each other . for example, on the off chance that we might want to show somebody, we’d like a language that is reasonable by the two communicators.

What is a Programming Language?

A programing language may be a computer-oriented language that’s employed by programmers (developers) to speak with computers. it’s a group of instructions written in any specific language ( C, C++, Java, Python) to perform a selected task.

A programing language is especially wont to develop desktop applications, websites, and mobile applications.

Types of Programing Language

1. Low-level Programing Language

Low-level language may be a machine-dependent (0s and 1s) programing language. The processor runs low-level programs directly without the necessity for a compiler or interpreter, therefore the programs written in low-level language are often run in no time.

The Low-level programming language was sold in two parts-

i. Machine Language

Machine language may be a sort of low-level programing language. it’s also called machine language or code. Machine language is simpler to read because it’s normally displayed in binary or hexadecimal form (base 16) form. It doesn’t require a translator to convert the programs because computers directly understand the machine language programs.

The advantage of machine language is that it helps the programmer to execute the programs faster than the high-level programing language.

ii. programming language

Assembly language (ASM) is additionally a kind of low-level programing language that’s designed for specific processors. It represents the set of instructions during a symbolic and human-understandable form. It uses an assembler to convert the programming language to machine language.

The advantage of programming language is that it requires less memory and less execution time to execute a program

2. High-level Programing Language

High-level programing language (HLL) is meant for developing user-friendly software programs and websites. This programing language requires a compiler or interpreter to translate the program into machine language (execute the program).

The main advantage of an application-oriented language is that it’s easy to read, write, and maintain.

High-level programing language includes Python, Java, JavaScript, PHP, C#, C++, Objective C, Cobol, Perl, Pascal, LISP, FORTRAN, and Swift programing language.

An application-oriented language is further divided into three parts –

i. Procedural Oriented Programing Language

Procedural Oriented Programming (POP) language springs from structured programming and is based upon the procedure call concept. It divides a program into small procedures called routines or functions.

Procedural Oriented programing language is employed by a software programmer to make a program which will be accomplished by employing a programming editor like IDE, Adobe Dreamweaver, or Microsoft Visual Studio.
The advantage of POP language is that it helps programmers to simply track the program flow and code is often reused in several parts of the program.

Note:- The advantage of POP language is that it helps programmers to simply track the program flow and code is often reused in several parts of the program.

Example: C, FORTRAN, Basic, Pascal, etc.

ii. Object-Oriented Programing Language

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) language is predicated upon the objects. during this programing language, programs are divided into small parts called objects. it’s wont to implement real-world entities like inheritance, polymorphism, abstraction, etc within the program to makes the program reusable, efficient, and straightforward to use.

The main advantage of object-oriented programming is that OOP is quicker and easier to execute, maintain, modify, also as debug.

Example: C++, Java, Python, C#, etc.

iii. Natural language

The regular language might be a piece of human dialects like English, Russian, German, and Japanese. it’s utilized by machines to know, control, and decipher the human language. it’s utilized by engineers to perform errands like interpretation, programmed rundown, Named Entity Recognition (NER), relationship extraction, and theme division.
The main advantage of the tongue is that it helps users to ask questions in any subject and directly respond within seconds.

The main advantage of the tongue is that it helps users to ask questions in any subject and directly respond within seconds.

3. Middle-level Programing Language

Middle-level programing language lies between the low-level programing language and therefore the high-level programing language. it’s also referred to as the intermediate programing language and pseudo-language.

A middle-level programming language’s advantages are that it supports the features of high-level programming, it’s a user-friendly language, and is closely associated with machine language and human language.

Example:- C, C++, language

The most commonly used Programing Language


As we all know, the programing language makes our life simpler. Currently, all sectors (like education, hospitals, banks, automobiles, and more ) completely depend on the programing language.

There are dozens of programming languages employed by the industries. Some most generally used programming languages are given below –

1. Python

Python is one of the foremost widely used user-friendly programming languages. it’s open-source and straightforward to find out programing language developed within the 1990s. it’s mostly utilized in Machine learning, AI, Big Data, GUI-based desktop applications, and Robotics.

Advantages

  • Python is straightforward to read, easy to know, and straightforward to write down.
  • It integrates with other programming languages like C, C++, and Java.
  • Python executes code line-by-line, so it’s easy for the programmer to seek out the error that occurred within the code.
  • Python is platform-independent means you’ll write code once and run it anywhere.

Disadvantages

  • Python isn’t suitable for developing mobile applications and games.
  • Python works with the interpreter. That’s why it’s slower than other programming languages like C and C++.

2. Java

Java might be a straightforward, secure, stage autonomous, dependable, engineering impartial significant level programing language created by Sun Microsystems in 1995. Presently, Java is possessed by Oracle. it’s primarily wont to foster banks, retail, data innovation, android, huge information, the exploration local area, web, and work area applications.

Advantages

  • Java is direct to record, assemble, learn, and investigate when contrasted with other programming dialects.
  • It gives the ability to run an identical program on various stages.
  • It is a profoundly gotten programing language on the grounds that, in java, there’s no understanding of unequivocal pointers.
  • It is equipped for playing out different errands at an identical time.

Disadvantages

Java burns through more memory and slower than other programming dialects like C or C++.

It’s anything but a reinforcement office.

3. C

4. C++

5. C#

6. JavaScript

7. R

8. PHP

9. Go

10. Ruby


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